Balsam poplar - Populus balsamifera
Common Name: balsam poplar
Height: 50 to 80 ft
Width: 25-40 ft
Description: Balsam poplar is a fast-growing species native to Alaska, Canada, and the northern part of the continental United States that can grow up to about 80’ tall. The buds, one of the balsam poplar’s most distinctive features, are large and pointed. They are also gummy, and sometimes release a red resin. Balsam poplar twigs are red-gray to brown-orange, and the bark is a gray green that darkens with age. This tree’s leaves are 3-6” long and shaped a bit like a vertically stretched spade with slightly jagged edges. The leaf coloration is dark green on the upper side and white on the lower side. Balsam poplar seeds are carried in the wind by cottony tufts of hair, and can be seen floating around early in the summer. The flowers are small, inconspicuous, greenish yellow, and in long hanging clusters.